Scott Schoeneweis' name was first publicly tied to the steroid scandal in a 2007 TV report. It claimed the pitcher had received six steroid shipments from 2003 to 2004. Schoenewis denied any knowledge of the pharmacy that had reportedly sent the drugs. In a later meeting with the Commissioner's office, Schoeneweis said he had used steroids to treat testicular cancer but that his teams were aware of the medical reasons for his use and that the levels used were within the limits established by the collective bargaining agreement. Officials determined there was insufficient evidence of a violation to warrant discipline.
There are lots of different types of anabolic steroids , but most of them beefify similarly. When we work out, we create tiny micro-tears in muscle fibers. When the muscle regrows and heals, it grows back a little bit larger, and repeating that process over time is how we get hard and massive (that's the idea anyway). The male sex hormone testosterone facilitates that muscle growth. Anabolic steroids do the same thing but better and faster. They also speed the muscle-healing process by blocking the stress hormone cortisol, which breaks down muscle tissue. That can mean less down time for athletes who go into overtime.
The utility principle can also be used to evaluate rules. Applied to the present question, utilitarianism would have us calculate the utility of a rule permitting performance-enhancing drug use, and compare that to the utility of a rule prohibiting performance-enhancing drug use. This calculation of comparative utility would need to consider various factors from the perspectives of every group affected. After summing up all the benefits and subtracting all the costs, the right rule is the one having the greatest utility in the long run. So players using performance-enhancing drugs could benefit in the short-term from statistics-inflating performances and financially-inflated contracts, but in the long run users could experience negative effects on for example their physical or emotional health. Their use of performance-enhancing drugs could increase excitement for fans through homerun races and the like, but it could in the long term also deflate interest as fans come to expect all players to turn in stellar performances. Performance-enhancing drug use could increase revenues from ticket sales for owners , since stellar performances excite fans; but it could also become difficult to sell high-priced tickets to disillusioned fans.