The conversion of fatty acyl-CoA into acetyl-CoA results in 3 by-products known collectively as ketone bodies. These by-products are acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and acetone. Ketone bodies are transported via the circulatory system and used by different tissues for energy production via the Krebs cycle (Medeiros, 2012). During times of starvation, when glycogen stores have been depleted, the brain can derive up to 50% of its energy from ketone bodies. Although ketones are used for energy production, overproduction of these molecules can lead to pH imbalances in the blood (Medeiros, 2012).